Children and COVID-19 treatment

The following treatment methods are suggested for different types of symptoms in children

Treatment for asymptomatic

  • Constantly track health for development of symptoms. Early detection of symptoms will lead to early treatment
  • For mild symptoms such as sore throat, cough and rhinorrhoea but no breathing difficulty, can be taken care of at home.
  • Those with underlying comorbid conditions viz. congenital heart disease, chronic lung disease, chronic organ dysfunction or obesity may also be treated with home isolation.

Treatment of mild cases of Covid-19 in children

  • Paracetamol (10-15mg) may be used every 4 to 6 hours.
  • For cough, gargles with warm saline water will help.
  • Intake of fluids and a nutritious diet is mandatory.
  • Monitor respiratory rates and oxygen levels
  • Chest indrawing, discolouration of body, urine output, fluid intake and activity monitored in young children.
  • Contact doctors in case anything out of the ordinary.

Treatment of moderate cases of Covid-19 in children

  • Depending on the respiratory rate the case could be moderate.  
  • No regular lab tests required unless children have comorbid conditions and those conditions demand regular tests.
  • To be admitted to dedicated Covid health centres and monitored for clinical progress.
  • Encourage oral feeds (breast feeds in infants) and maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance.

Treatment of severe cases of Covid-19 in children

  • Those with symptoms like grunting, severe retraction of chest, lethargy, somnolence, to be admitted to a dedicated Covid-19 healthcare facility and may require HDU/ICU care.
  • To be checked for thrombosis, hemophagocytic lymph histiocytosis (HLH) and organ failure.
  • Complete blood counts, liver and renal function tests and chest X-rays to be taken.

Please do note that these are just broad guidelines and we suggest you contact a dedicated COVID-19 care center or registered medical practitioner in case your child shows any symptoms or you feel anything out of the ordinary.

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